By H. Zarkos. Cornerstone University. 2017.
If you can omit some data without 178 WRITING SKILLS IN PRACTICE making a difference to your overall argument or discussion then it is likely that it is redundant purchase 10mg provera with mastercard. Constantly check back with your original plan to make sure you re main true to the question buy 5 mg provera with mastercard. For example, has your answer changed from ‘why does x cause z’ to ‘what causes z’? Your tutor will be looking for an expression of your point of view; however, you must support this with evidence from the literature. You will then be able to discuss a range of theories and refer to information from a num ber of sources. Remember to acknowledge these both in the text and by supplying a reference list at the end of the essay. The main part forms approximately 75 to 80 per cent of your essay – so in a 2000 word composition you would plan to use 1500 words for the main part of the essay. Pitfalls to avoid: ° Showing a bias by the type of information you select or the viewpoint you put across. It will contain either a summary of the key points, a statement of the outcome of your discussion or a resolution to your argument. Making a reference back to your intro duction or the original question brings the essay full circle and achieves a satisfactory closure. Some questions that might help you in writing your conclusion are: ° What are the main points of your essay? ESSAYS 179 ° a change in attitude ° a change in knowledge ° a change in how to apply theory to practice ° a change in awareness ° a change in understanding. Like the introduction, the conclusion forms about 12 per cent of your es say – so in a 2000 word composition you would plan to have a conclusion of about 250 words. Writing drafts Views are mixed about whether writing several drafts is a good idea or not.
Unfortunately provera 2.5mg low cost, the muscle his- tology may be normal especially early in the disease 5mg provera with mastercard. Repeat biopsy later in the illness may reveal ragged red ﬁbers as more mitochondria become severely involved. LAFORA BODY DISEASE Lafora body disease is an autosomal recessive disorder which usually presents between 10 and 18 years of age. Tonic–clonic seizures in a ncurologically normal child are the initial symptoms, with myoclonic seizures which initially may respond to medications. The clinical course is rapidly progressive, with the development of severe seizures, stimulus sensitive myoclonus, disabling ataxia, and severe dementia. Polyglucosan bodies (Lafora bodies) can be seen in many tissues, especially the excretory ducts of eccrine sweat glands. The genetic defect is the EPM2A gene on chromosome 6q23-25 which codes for a protein tyrosine phosphatase (laforin). Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy 99 Lafora body disease is clinically different from Unverricht–Lundborg disease because of the rapidly progressive neurological decline in Lafora body disease. The genetic defect has been identiﬁed in both and they are clearly different diseases. NEURONAL CEROID LIPOFUSCINOSIS (NCL) Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is an autosomal recessive disorder with onset at multiple ages and with varied initial symptoms. Depending on the age of onset, NCL is known as Santavuori–Haltia disease (infantile onset, 0–2 years), Jansky– Bielschowsky disease (late infantile onset, 2–4 years), Batten’s disease or Spielmeyer–Vogt–Sjogren disease (juvenile onset, 4–10 years) or Kuf’s disease (adulthood). Severe tonic–clonic or myoclonic seizures, developmental delay, and visual impairment are the presenting symptoms in the infantile and late infantile var- iants. A movement disorder, psychiatric or behavioral symptoms or visual loss may be the initial symptoms in older patients (juvenile onset and adults). The rate of pro- gression of disease is more fulminant with younger presentations. Nonetheless the disease is relentlessly progressive and ultimately fatal.
This could be be- cause the research is on a sensitive issue buy provera 2.5mg lowest price, or it might be that the interviewee has a fear of being recorded generic provera 5mg line. Taking notes If you intend to take notes, buy yourself a shorthand no- tepad and develop a shorthand style which you’ll be able to understand later (see Chapter 10). It is advisable to write up all notes into a longer report as soon as possible after the interview while it’s still fresh in your mind. It can be tiring taking notes in long interviews, so only arrange one or two per day. You must learn to try and maintain some eye contact while you’re writing, and make sure that you nod every now and again to indicate that you’re still listening. Try also to get one or two verbatim quotations as these will be useful for your ﬁnal report. THE INTERVIEW SCHEDULE For most types of interview you need to construct an in- terview schedule. For structured interviews you will need to construct a list of questions which is asked in the same order and format to each participant (see Chapter 9). For 68 / PRACTICAL RESEARCH METHODS semi-structured interviews the schedule may be in the form of a list of questions or a list of topics. If you’re new to research, you might prefer a list of questions that you can ask in a standard way, thus ensuring that you do not ask leading questions or struggle for something to ask. However, a list of topics tends to oﬀer more ﬂexibil- ity, especially in unstructured interviews where the inter- viewee is left to discuss issues she deems to be important. By ticking oﬀ each topic from your list as it is discussed, you can ensure that all topics have been covered. Often interviewees will raise issues without being asked and a list of topics ensures that they do not have to repeat them- selves. Also, it allows the interviewee to raise pertinent is- sues which you may not have thought about. If you’re nervous about working with a list of topics rather than a list of questions, a good way to overcome this is to ask a few set questions ﬁrst and then, once you and the interviewee have both relaxed, move on to a set of topics.